AN-LNG-001 Multi-Disciplined Language Analyst

Performs highly-specialized review and evaluation of incoming cybersecurity information to determine its usefulness for intelligence.

Applies language, cultural, and technical expertise to support information collection, analysis, and other cybersecurity activities.

Applies language and culture expertise with target/threat and technical knowledge to process, analyze, and/or disseminate intelligence information derived from language, voice and/or graphic material. Creates and maintains language-specific databases and working aids to support cyber action execution and ensure critical knowledge sharing. Provides subject matter expertise in foreign language-intensive or interdisciplinary projects.

Knowledges 47

Code Description Work Roles
K0001 Knowledge of computer networking concepts and protocols, and network security methodologies. 52
K0002 Knowledge of risk management processes (e.g., methods for assessing and mitigating risk). 52
K0003 Knowledge of laws, regulations, policies, and ethics as they relate to cybersecurity and privacy. 52
K0004 Knowledge of cybersecurity and privacy principles. 52
K0005 Knowledge of cyber threats and vulnerabilities. 52
K0006 Knowledge of specific operational impacts of cybersecurity lapses. 52
K0108 Knowledge of concepts, terminology, and operations of a wide range of communications media (computer and telephone networks, satellite, fiber, wireless). 11
K0143 Knowledge of front-end collection systems, including traffic collection, filtering, and selection. 3
K0177 Knowledge of cyber attack stages (e.g., reconnaissance, scanning, enumeration, gaining access, escalation of privileges, maintaining access, network exploitation, covering tracks). 12
K0356 Knowledge of analytic tools and techniques for language, voice and/or graphic material. 1
K0359 Knowledge of approved intelligence dissemination processes. 1
K0377 Knowledge of classification and control markings standards, policies and procedures. 7
K0391 Knowledge of collection systems, capabilities, and processes. 1
K0396 Knowledge of computer programming concepts, including computer languages, programming, testing, debugging, and file types. 1
K0398 Knowledge of concepts related to websites (e.g., web servers/pages, hosting, DNS, registration, web languages such as HTML). 1
K0407 Knowledge of customer information needs. 1
K0413 Knowledge of cyber operation objectives, policies, and legalities. 3
K0416 Knowledge of cyber operations. 1
K0417 Knowledge of data communications terminology (e.g., networking protocols, Ethernet, IP, encryption, optical devices, removable media). 10
K0431 Knowledge of evolving/emerging communications technologies. 11
K0449 Knowledge of how to extract, analyze, and use metadata. 7
K0462 Knowledge of intelligence reporting principles, policies, procedures, and vehicles, including report formats, reportability criteria (requirements and priorities), dissemination practices, and legal authorities and restrictions. 2
K0476 Knowledge of language processing tools and techniques. 1
K0487 Knowledge of network security (e.g., encryption, firewalls, authentication, honey pots, perimeter protection). 4
K0488 Knowledge of network security implementations (e.g., host-based IDS, IPS, access control lists), including their function and placement in a network. 1
K0491 Knowledge of networking and Internet communications fundamentals (i.e. devices, device configuration, hardware, software, applications, ports/protocols, addressing, network architecture and infrastructure, routing, operating systems, etc.). 1
K0493 Knowledge of obfuscation techniques (e.g., TOR/Onion/anonymizers, VPN/VPS, encryption). 1
K0499 Knowledge of operations security. 8
K0520 Knowledge of principles and practices related to target development such as target knowledge, associations, communication systems, and infrastructure. 2
K0524 Knowledge of relevant laws, regulations, and policies. 1
K0532 Knowledge of specialized target language (e.g., acronyms, jargon, technical terminology, code words). 1
K0539 Knowledge of target communication profiles and their key elements (e.g., target associations, activities, communication infrastructure). 1
K0540 Knowledge of target communication tools and techniques. 1
K0541 Knowledge of target cultural references, dialects, expressions, idioms, and abbreviations. 1
K0545 Knowledge of target language(s). 1
K0548 Knowledge of target or threat cyber actors and procedures. 1
K0550 Knowledge of target, including related current events, communication profile, actors, and history (language, culture) and/or frame of reference. 2
K0564 Knowledge of the characteristics of targeted communication networks (e.g., capacity, functionality, paths, critical nodes). 1
K0567 Knowledge of the data flow from collection origin to repositories and tools. 2
K0571 Knowledge of the feedback cycle in collection processes. 1
K0574 Knowledge of the impact of language analysis on on-net operator functions. 1
K0579 Knowledge of the organization, roles and responsibilities of higher, lower and adjacent sub-elements. 3
K0596 Knowledge of the request for information process. 3
K0599 Knowledge of the structure, architecture, and design of modern digital and telephony networks. 5
K0600 Knowledge of the structure, architecture, and design of modern wireless communications systems. 2
K0606 Knowledge of transcript development processes and techniques (e.g., verbatim, gist, summaries). 1
K0607 Knowledge of translation processes and techniques. 1

Skills 28

Code Description Work Roles
S0179 Skill in analyzing language processing tools to provide feedback to enhance tool development. 1
S0184 Skill in analyzing traffic to identify network devices. 4
S0187 Skill in applying various analytical methods, tools, and techniques (e.g., competing hypotheses; chain of reasoning; scenario methods; denial and deception detection; high impact-low probability; network/association or link analysis; Bayesian, Delphi, and Pattern analyses). 3
S0188 Skill in assessing a target's frame of reference (e.g., motivation, technical capability, organizational structure, sensitivities). 1
S0193 Skill in complying with the legal restrictions for targeted information. 1
S0195 Skill in conducting research using all available sources. 1
S0198 Skill in conducting social network analysis. 1
S0210 Skill in developing intelligence reports. 1
S0212 Skill in disseminating items of highest intelligence value in a timely manner. 1
S0215 Skill in evaluating and interpreting metadata. 1
S0217 Skill in evaluating data sources for relevance, reliability, and objectivity. 2
S0218 Skill in evaluating information for reliability, validity, and relevance. 8
S0224 Skill in gisting target communications. 1
S0226 Skill in identifying a target's network characteristics. 1
S0232 Skill in identifying intelligence gaps and limitations. 2
S0233 Skill in identifying language issues that may have an impact on organization objectives. 2
S0235 Skill in identifying non-target regional languages and dialects 2
S0241 Skill in interpreting traceroute results, as they apply to network analysis and reconstruction. 2
S0244 Skill in managing client relationships, including determining client needs/requirements, managing client expectations, and demonstrating commitment to delivering quality results. 3
S0251 Skill in prioritizing target language material. 2
S0253 Skill in providing analysis on target-related matters (e.g., language, cultural, communications). 1
S0259 Skill in recognizing denial and deception techniques of the target. 2
S0262 Skill in recognizing significant changes in a target’s communication patterns. 2
S0265 Skill in recognizing technical information that may be used for target development including intelligence development. 1
S0277 Skill in synthesizing, analyzing, and prioritizing meaning across data sets. 2
S0283 Skill in transcribing target language communications. 1
S0284 Skill in translating target graphic and/or voice language materials. 1
S0290 Skill in using non-attributable networks. 2

Abilities 4

Code Description Work Roles
A0013 Ability to communicate complex information, concepts, or ideas in a confident and well-organized manner through verbal, written, and/or visual means. 14
A0071 Ability to apply language and cultural expertise to analysis. 1
A0089 Ability to function in a collaborative environment, seeking continuous consultation with other analysts and experts—both internal and external to the organization—to leverage analytical and technical expertise. 13
A0103 Ability to review processed target language materials for accuracy and completeness. 1

Tasks 29

Code Description Work Roles
T0606 Compile, integrate, and/or interpret all-source data for intelligence or vulnerability value with respect to specific targets. 2
T0650 Determine what technologies are used by a given target. 3
T0715 Identify collection gaps and potential collection strategies against targets. 2
T0745 Make recommendations to guide collection in support of customer requirements. 2
T0761 Provide subject-matter expertise and support to planning/developmental forums and working groups as appropriate. 4
T0837 Advise managers and operators on language and cultural issues that impact organization objectives. 1
T0838 Analyze and process information using language and/or cultural expertise. 1
T0839 Assess, document, and apply a target's motivation and/or frame of reference to facilitate analysis, targeting and collection opportunities. 1
T0840 Collaborate across internal and/or external organizational lines to enhance collection, analysis and dissemination. 1
T0841 Conduct all-source target research to include the use of open source materials in the target language. 1
T0842 Conduct analysis of target communications to identify essential information in support of organization objectives. 1
T0843 Perform quality review and provide feedback on transcribed or translated materials. 1
T0844 Evaluate and interpret metadata to look for patterns, anomalies, or events, thereby optimizing targeting, analysis and processing. 1
T0845 Identify cyber threat tactics and methodologies. 1
T0846 Identify target communications within the global network. 1
T0847 Maintain awareness of target communication tools, techniques, and the characteristics of target communication networks (e.g., capacity, functionality, paths, critical nodes) and their potential implications for targeting, collection, and analysis. 1
T0848 Provide feedback to collection managers to enhance future collection and analysis. 1
T0849 Perform foreign language and dialect identification in initial source data. 1
T0850 Perform or support technical network analysis and mapping. 1
T0851 Provide requirements and feedback to optimize the development of language processing tools. 1
T0852 Perform social network analysis and document as appropriate. 1
T0853 Scan, identify and prioritize target graphic (including machine-to-machine communications) and/or voice language material. 1
T0854 Tip critical or time-sensitive information to appropriate customers. 1
T0855 Transcribe target voice materials in the target language. 1
T0856 Translate (e.g., verbatim, gist, and/or summaries) target graphic material. 1
T0857 Translate (e.g., verbatim, gist, and/or summaries) target voice material. 1
T0858 Identify foreign language terminology within computer programs (e.g., comments, variable names). 1
T0859 Provide near-real time language analysis support (e.g., live operations). 1
T0860 Identify cyber/technology-related terminology in the target language. 1